Nutrigenética y nutrigenómica

La revolución sanitaria del nuevo milenio. Implicancias clínicas en síndrome metabólico y diabetes tipo 2

  • Raúl Pisabarro Universidad de la República, Facultad de Medicina, Endocrinología y Metabolismo, Profesor Agregado
Palabras clave: NUTRICIÓN, GENÉTICA, GENÓMICA, BIOLOGÍA MOLECULAR, DIETOTERAPIA

Resumen

El creciente conocimiento de la interacción gene-nutriente revolucionará el manejo de las grandes epidemias sanitarias del siglo XXI: obesidad, síndrome metabólico y diabetes 2, cuyo piso común es el aumento de enfermedad cardiovascular y cáncer.
Hoy día, mediante la nutrigenética es posible prevenir o mejorar el manejo de estas enfermedades.
Esta nueva área en nutrición molecular puede dividirse en el accionar de ciertos nutrientes sobre la regulación de la expresión genética: nutrigenómica, y la repuesta de la estructura genética particular del individuo a ciertos nutrientes: nutrigenética.
En la presente revisión nos concentraremos en desarrollar algunos avances importantes de utilidad clínica alcanzados por la nutrigenética y nutrigenómica durante los últimos años. Particularmente la interacción gene-nutriente conferida por los ácidos grasos de la dieta. Interacción trascendente en la génesis de las epidemias sanitarias del nuevo milenio. Expondremos trabajos y líneas de investigación propios con enfoque clínico práctico.

Citas

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Publicado
2006-05-31
Cómo citar
1.
Pisabarro R. Nutrigenética y nutrigenómica. Rev. Méd. Urug. [Internet]. 31 de mayo de 2006 [citado 28 de septiembre de 2022];22(2):100-7. Disponible en: http://revista.rmu.org.uy/ojsrmu311/index.php/rmu/article/view/769
Sección
Trabajos de Revisión o Actualización y Puestas al día